Can blood cancers be cured? - GO.CARE Blog
Can blood cancers be cured?
Author: Quỳnh Nguyễn
Review Date: October 19, 2018 | Last Modified: June 11, 2019
Can blood cancers be cured?

Blood cancers are malignant cancers, starting in the bone marrow where produces blood. There are many types of blood cancer.

Know the basics

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1. What are blood cancers?

Blood cancers, also known as hematologic cancers, are the cancers that affect the production and function of blood cells. Most of the blood cancers start in the bone marrow where produces blood. The cancerous cells prevent normal blood cells from performing their functions.

There are 3 common types of blood cancers:

  • Leukemia: it is a white blood cells cancer, which stops them from fighting with infection. When a person has leukemia, his or her bone marrow is unable to produce enough red blood cells and platelets to supply the body’s need. Leukemia can be either acute or chronic; chronic leukemia is much more dangerous and hard to be treated. It is the most common type of blood cancers.
  • Lymphoma: develop in lymphocytes – a type of white blood cells that fight infection. Abnormal lymphocytes can impair your immune system. This reduces your resistance to outer harmful factors.
  • Myeloma: is a cancer of the plasma cells. Myeloma cancers prevent normal antibodies from being produced, which result in the weakness and susceptibility to infection of your body’s immune system.

2. How common are blood cancers?

Blood cancers can affect patients at any age. However, they can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

3. What are the symptoms of blood cancers?

Some common symptoms below will show that you may have blood cancer. Therefore, please check yourself carefully.

  • Fever chills
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Loss of appetite, nausea
  • Quick and severe weight loss
  • Unexplained sweats
  • Pain in joint and bones
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Frequent infections
  • Itchy skin or skin rash
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms, groin

There may be some symptoms not listed above. 

4. When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above, especially if your parents or siblings have blood cancers, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. Therefore, it is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Need further information? Contact GO.CARE manage team to get more details from expert doctors and medical specialists.

Diagnosis & Treatment

blood cancer treatment điều trị ung thư máu

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

1. How are blood cancers diagnosed?

If you are suspected to have blood cancers, your doctor may recommend you some cancer blood tests or other laboratory tests. The purpose of these tests is to detect cancers in other parts of your body. However, they cannot absolutely tell whether you have cancers in the blood. In addition, they only can show clues of blood cancers. If they detect an unusually large number of white blood cells, it suggests the possibility of blood cancer.

Common cancer blood tests are:

  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Blood protein testing
  • Tumor marker tests
  • Circulating tumor cell tests

2. How are blood cancers treated?

Treatment for blood cancer depends on the type of cancer, your age, how fast the cancer is progressing, where cancer has spread and other factors. Some common blood cancer treatments include:

  • Stem cell transplantation infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Stem cells can be collected from the bone marrow, circulating (peripheral) blood and umbilical cord blood.
  • Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs designed to interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for blood cancer sometimes consists of giving several drugs together in a set regimen. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.
  • Radiation therapy may be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.

Need further information? Contact GO.CARE manage team to get more details from expert doctors and medical specialists.

Further information

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1. What causes blood cancers?

Uncontrollable growth of blood cells can cause blood cancers. Normal cells in the body follow an orderly path of growth, division, and death; but blood cancerous cells do not. They do not die automatically. More seriously, these abnormal cells can spread into other areas, compress the normal blood cells and prevent them from performing their functions.

Blood cancers are a genetic tendency. Moreover, outside factors can cause this disease as well, such as exposure to radiation, exposure to harmful chemicals, and infection to Human T-cell Leukaemia virus.

2. What increases my risk for blood cancers?

Depending on the different types of blood cancers, the risk factors also vary in each one. Understanding the risk factors can help you find the best solution to prevent them from developing.

Risk factors of Leukemia include:

  • Long-lasting radiation exposure
  • Repeated chemicals exposure
  • Chemotherapy
  • Down Syndrome
  • Family history

And risk factors of Lymphoma include:

  • Older age
  • Male
  • Having an autoimmune disease
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Diet high in meats and fat
  • Exposure to certain pesticides

Finally, there are the risk factors of Myeloma

  • Over the age of 50
  • Male
  • Obese
  • Radiation exposure
  • Work in petroleum-related situations

Need further information? Contact GO.CARE manage team to get more details from expert doctors and medical specialists. 

GO.CARE does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Blood Cancers. http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Cancers/. Accessed July 22, 2016.

Leukemia. http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Cancers/Leukemia.aspx. Accessed July 22, 2016.

Lymphoma. http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Cancers/Lymphoma.aspx. Accessed July 22, 2016.

Myeloma. http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Cancers/Myeloma.aspx. Accessed July 22, 2016.

Blood cancers. http://www.cancercenter.com/terms/blood-cancers/. Accessed July 22, 2016.

Overview of Blood Cancer. http://www.internationaldrugmart.com/health-articles/blood-cancer-overview.shtml. Accessed July 22, 2016.

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