Cancer is a serious fatal disease. Every year there are approximately 126,000 Vietnamese people find out their condition and about 94,000 patients among them died from it. Many patients believe that cancer diagnosis is the most serious and hopeless disease that have very few chances for patients to survive. However, it isn’t completely wrong if you are well understood about cancer care.
1. What is cancer?
Human body is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place. Cancer can starts when this procedure is being out of control and breakdowns.
In other words, cancer is typical disease happens when cell division process becomes abnormal and uncontrollable. Unlike normal cells, cancerous cells keep developing during their lifetime and produce more and more abnormally harmful cells.
The main reason for this unusual division is related to DNA damage in cells due to outside causes (e.g. smoke). Damaged DNA can also genetic.
After developing and dividing, they may form growths called tumors. They cause cancerous symptoms since they could press on nearby normal tissues and destroy them. These tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors is not cancerous. On the other hand, malignant, which means they can spread into, or invade, nearby tissues. In addition, as these tumors grow, some cancerous cells can break off and travel to distant places in the body through the blood or the lymph system and form new tumors far from the original tumor. It is called metastatic cancer.
The causes are varied. Smoking is one of the biggest single cancer risk and accounts for 1/3 all types. Men are usually affected directly from smoke and alcohol, which cause cancer in lung and liver. For those who work in nuclear power plants, they have high risk of getting it from radiation.
Risk factors for developing breast cancer include: being childless or delaying childbearing until aged over 30, starting periods early, using hormone replacement therapy, being exposed to estrogen-like chemicals, and drinking one or more units of alcohol daily.
2. Common types of cancer
There are more than 100 types of cancer. These types are usually named for the organs or tissues where the cancerous cells form. For example, the lung type starts in cells of the lung, and brain cancer starts in cells of the brain. This disease also may be described by the type of cell that formed them, such as an epithelial cell or a squamous cell.
In developed countries, non-melanoma cancer caused by UV radiation from the sun is the most common type. However, this type is curable. Melanoma type is malignant and causes more harms.
Although not being so popular, the number of melanoma cancer cases develops gradually about 3% every year. UV radiation is the main reason for skin cancers. Yet a certain amount of UV radiation is necessary to prevent other types.
Other common types are cancer in cervix and liver which is caused by Hepatitis B virus. In Vietnam, averagely there is 1 death of cervical cancer per 7 minutes. Therefore, it is crucial to have regular health check-up and start your treatment as soon as possible.
In industrially developed countries, most of deaths are due to lung cancer. In Asia, smoking is the biggest reason for this disease. Especially to Vietnamese patients, it is estimated that there will be 22,938 men get lung cancer by 2020.
Every year, there is 1 out of 3 women has breast cancer. Similarly, men usually have prostate cancer, especially African American men.
Furthermore, other common types includes in:
- Stomach cancer
- Liver cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Brain cancer
- Bone cancer
3. Cancer Care options
Even though this disease is deadly, it can possibly be treated if being found out early. Depending on each type of cancers, there are different advice and cancer care methods for you.
Before getting cancer care, you might have to experience some consultations, diagnosis tests, and staging. Besides type of cancer, its stage also has important effects on your procedure as well as its success.
Generally, cancer care is categorized into 4 types:
- Radiation therapy: using high doses of radiation kill cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy: treatment of cancer with one or more cytotoxic anti-neoplastic drugs
- Hormone therapy: taking medicine to slow down or stop the tumor development.
- Surgery or endoscopy: eliminate tumors and cancerous
You can get further information or book an appointment for Cancer Care on GO.CARE:
- Cancer consultation
- Diagnosis for Cancer
- Staging for Cancer
- Liver Cancer Treatment
- Stomach Cancer Treatment
- Breast Cancer Treatment
- Cervical Cancer Treatment
- Endometrial Cancer Treatment
- Kidney Cancer Treatment
- Laryngeal Cancer Treatment
- Ovarian Cancer Treatment
- Pancreas Cancer Treatment
- Prostate Cancer Treatment