Stomach cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in the world. People with early stomach cancers may not have symptoms. Let’s learn about the basic of stomach cancer.
Know the basics
1. What is stomach cancer?
Stomach cancer refers to a cancerous (malignant) growth in the stomach. It occurs when the cells in the stomach overgrowth leads to the appearance of tumors. Stomach cancer is a common disease and is easy to spread to other organs. If not treated promptly, the disease can lead to death.
People with early stomach cancers may not have symptoms. As the tumor grows, people have abdominal (belly) pain, nausea, and loss of appetitic. Other complaints are abdomainal bloating after eating, trouble swallowing, heartburn, weight loss, blood in stools, a mass that can be felt, fullness in the stomach after meals and fluid in the abdomen (ascites).
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
Diagnosis & Treatments
Tests that can help diagnose gastric cancer include:
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD);
- Complete blood count (CBC) or Stool test ;
- CT or X-ray.
Treatment depends on how far the cancer spread (its stage). Surgery is the only chance for cure. Surgery includes complete removal of the cancer by taking out part of the stomach (subtotal gstrectomy) or near-total removal of the stomach with nearby lymph glands. For people with advanced cancer and can’t have surgery may chemotheraphy or radiation theraphy but will likely not cure the cancer. For some people, a surgical bypass procedure may relieve symptoms.
The cause is unknown, but certain things increase chances of getting this disease. Diets high in nitrates may make this cancer more likely. Nitrates (found in smoked and salted foods) are converted to nitries by bacteria, and nitries are cancer causing substances. Also, people whose stomach is infected with bacteria called Helicobacter pylori may have greater chances of getting stomach cancer.
2. Risk factors
Certain factors may increase your risk of developing Mitral stenosis:
- A diet high in salty and smoked foods;
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables;
- Eating foods contaminated with aflatoxin fungus;
- Family history of stomach cancer;
- Infection with Helicobacter pylori;
- Long-term stomach inflammation;
- Pernicious anemia;
- Stomach polyps.
Not having risk factors does not mean you cannot get hamstring strians. These factors are for reference only. You should consult your doctor for more details.
Need further information? Contact GO.CARE manage team to get more details from expert doctors and medical specialists.
GO.CARE does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition. Page 339.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page 190.
Stomach cancer http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stomach-cancer/basics/definition/con-20038197. Accessed September 24,2015
Stomach cancer http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000223.htm. Accessed September 24,2015