Everything you need to know about trigger finger - GO.CARE Blog
Everything you need to know about trigger finger
Author: Quỳnh Nguyễn
Review Date: October 18, 2018 | Last Modified: January 17, 2019
Everything you need to know about trigger finger

Trigger finger is a condition causing finger stiffened in a position, which causes the patient to deal with many inconveniences in daily life. Let’s find out more about this disease and the treatment for it.

Know the basics

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1. What is trigger finger?

Trigger finger is a condition causing finger stiffened in a position. The disorder mainly affects the surrounding tendon tissue of the finger. Tendons are thick fibrous tissues associated with skeletal muscle. Tendon inflammation causes tendon not move smoothly, so fingers are locked in one place. It is a common disorder in dentist, tailors and craftsmen.

2. What are the symptoms of trigger finger?

Fingers are often fixed, trapped or locked in folded position even if you want to fold or stretch your finger. Sometimes you must have someone straighten or break the position your finger is in. Pain occurs on the tendon and it is often more painful when moving. Your finger might also be swollen. Adults often have trigger finger in the middle finger while children often have it in the thumb.

3. When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following:

  • Symptoms persist
  • Have fever after surgery or discharged incisions

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Need further information? Contact GO.CARE manage team to get more details from expert doctors and medical specialists.

Diagnosis & treatment

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The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

1. How is trigger finger diagnosed?

Doctors usually diagnosed based on physical examination and symptoms, no need for testing. During the examination, the doctor will ask you to hold, open hands, to check the area on your hand, motion and joint stiffness. Your doctor may also touch your palm to see if there is a tumor blocking the tendon movement. If tumor is related to trigger finger, it will move simultaneously with finger movement, because tumor sticks to finger tendons. Sometimes doctor use blood tests and x-rays to rule out the possibility of other causes of illness like gout, diabetes, fractures, thyroid abnormalities and carpal tunnel syndrome.

2. How is trigger finger treated?

The best treatments are to reduce inflammation and restore normal sliding motion of tendon in tendon sheaths. In mild cases, patients can improve symptoms by avoiding causes. Taking rest for your finger with a special splint can help.

Doctors will inject steroids (cortisone) into the tendon through your palms. You may need to inject more than once in case this problem sometimes recur. Injections relieve symptoms in 65% of patients. These symptoms usually disappear within 3-5 days and fingers locked out for 2-3 weeks.

If the problem continues, your doctor may suggest surgery by anesthesia. Then the doctor will cut a small line in open palm and open range around tendon tissue. Sometimes surgeons may use a needle to not leave any incision.

Need further information? Contact GO.CARE manage team to get more details from expert doctors and medical specialists.

Further information

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1. What causes trigger finger?

Trigger finger occurs when the tendon sheath of the finger is irritated and inflamed. The tendon is a band of fiber connecting muscle with bone. Each tendon is surrounded by a protective sheath. The irritated sheath can affect the normal movement of tendon sliding in the sheath. In addition, trying to move your finger and the tendon in the sheath will create lasting tendon scarring, thickening and fibrosis, which makes motion of tendon more difficult.

2. What increases my risk for trigger finger?

There are many risk factors for this disease such as:

  • Repeated hand movement: occupations and hobbies which require repetitive hand using and prolonged handling increase risk.
  • Certain diseases: diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Gender: it occurs more in female.

If there is no risk factor, it does not mean that you cannot get the disease. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.

Need further information? Contact GO.CARE manage team to get more details from expert doctors and medical specialists.

Please choose the best hospitals and clinics that provide trigger finger treatment in Asia to get the most suitable healthcare for your condition.

GO.CARE does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition.

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